Do you know what is in your tap water? You can find can contaminants such as a wide variety of toxins from dangerous pesticides and herbicides to heavy metals and VOCs.
❌ PFAS: The most common PFAS found in drinking water are PFOS and PFOA. Called ‘forever chemicals’ because they take so long to biodegrade, PFAS can cause serious health effects including cancer, hormone disruption, & liver and immune system damage.
❌ FLUORIDE: It causes damage to bones and teeth. Consuming fluoride at unsafe levels can cause skeletal fluorosis, making bones more brittle. It is unsafe also on toothpaste. List here of Fluoride-free toothpaste
❌ LEAD: Lead contaminates our drinking water when it leaches from pipes and plumbing. there is no safe amount of lead! Any amount of lead exposure is unsafe for children and may cause permanent development and behavioral issues.
❌ CHLORINE: Potent chemical that alters the smell & taste of our water and is harmful.
❌ CHLORAMINE: Toxic combination of chlorine and ammonia.
Your greatest exposure to chloramine in tap water is through bathing and showering.
Chloramine can kill fish, amphibians and water-based reptiles, and marine invertebrates.
Chloramine.has not been properly tested for human consumption and safety.
❌ ARSENIC: “known human carcinogen” according to the EPA and World Health Organization that increases the risk of bladder, lung and, skin cancer at unsafe levels. Arsenic is found in drinking water across all 50 states.
❌ NITRATE: Agricultural run-off can cause this fertilizer chemical to end up in our drinking water. Levels of nitrate that exceed federal limits can cause an increased risk of cancer and even oxygen deprivation in babies.
How to pick a good water filter.
1. Find out what’s in your tap water.
2. Compare filter types.
Most filter products on the market use one or a combination of three primary technologies: carbon filtration, reverse osmosis, and ion exchange.
Carbon and activated carbon: carbon filters come in two forms:
Carbon block: usually more expensive but are generally more effective, may need to be replaced more often.
Granulated activated carbon: less effective than carbon block filters, activated carbon does not remove common inorganic pollutants such as arsenic, fluoride, hexavalent chromium, nitrate, and perchlorate.
✅ Reverse osmosis is the only type of filtration certified to remove nitrate and perchlorate.
The initial activated carbon treatment captures and removes chlorine, trihalomethanes, and VOCs. Next,
reverse osmosis systems effectively remove many contaminants, such as arsenic, fluoride, hexavalent chromium, nitrates, and perchlorate. These systems typically take in five times more water than they produce for use, and the unused “reject” water is flushed down the drain.
Reverse osmosis treatment removes minerals that improve the taste of water and are essential for health, such as iron, calcium, and magnesium. That's why many manufacturers of reverse osmosis systems may offer mineral drops for remineralization. The only proven water filtration method to effectively remove fluoride. Also reduces nitrates, nitrites, lead, radium, and arsenic.
❌ KDF filter media can reduce or remove lead, mercury, iron, hydrogen sulfide, calcium carbonate, magnesium, chromium, chlorine, bacteria, fungi, algae, heavy metals, iron, hydrogen sulfide, and chlorine. KDF media can function effectively under high water temperature, this makes them an excellent choice for hot water filtration like shower filters. It won't remove fluoride.
❌ Ion exchange and water softeners: Ion exchange reduces nitrate, fluoride, sulfate, arsenic.
Water softeners typically use an ion-exchange process to soften water by removing calcium and magnesium and replace them with sodium. They won't remove the contaminants. If you have a low-sodium diet check with your doctor. Softened water is not recommended for watering plants and gardens.
❌ Distillation: This technology heats your water enough to vaporize it and then condenses the steam back into the water. It does not remove chlorine, trihalomethanes, or VOCs from water. Home distillation systems are less common than other types of available water filters available.
✅ Whole house filters: all your taps and appliances receive filtered water. This type of system is expensive compared to point-of-use filtration. Since whole-house systems also remove chlorine, they may introduce the additional risk of harmful bacterial growth in plumbing.
3. Choose a filter
To choose the best filter, check that it has been certified to do so by an independent third-party certification company.
4. Maintain the filter:
You will need t to replace the filters according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Bacteria can grow on carbon filters that are not replaced according to instructions.
NFS National Sanitation Foundation Certifications and check minimum detectable levels.
❌NSF 42, 53, 401, or p473 filters won't remove fluoride.
✅ The best is NSF 58
❌ Berkey: There are studies that show Berkey actually added GenX and PFBA. It uses Activated Alumina pH-dependent filters. Can reduce fluoride but it is not NFS certified, it is not approved in California and it has California proposition 65 warning.
❌ Propur filter: uses Silver infused white ceramic and granular activated carbon. Can reduce fluoride but it is not NFS certified.
❌ Clearly Filtered: Their tap water filter systems are only able to reduce
❌ Culligan: Only reduces 5 contaminants. Very short filter life only lasts 50 gallons.
❌ Brita: Brita filters use carbon filters. Brita filters can remove certain pharmaceutical contaminants such as Acetaminophen, Naproxen, and Progesterone. They can reduce heavy metals like copper, mercury from your drinking water, but they cannot remove totally lead, herbicides and pesticides, chlorine, and sediment.
NSF Certified to Standards 42 and 53 & 401.
❌ PUR: PUR water filter systems are able to reduce 61 other contaminants, including chlorine, and sediment but not fully eliminate them. NSF Certified to Standards 42, 53, and 401.
❌ Nikken: ANSI/NSF Standard 42, Standard 53
✅ Aquasana: Aquasana Filters are NSF Certified to reduce 77 contaminants including over >97% of chlorine and chloramines. Carbon water filter system (3-Stage Claryum Under-Counter Max Flow or 3-Stage Claryum Under Counter) and a reverse osmosis system (Optim H2O Reverse Osmosis + Claryum).
First, you would need to test your water, then you will know exactly which kind of water filter you need.
This water testing company will help you with that; after testing your water, they will recommend water filters that will solve anything currently in your water, specifically studied for your tap water.
They also offer a team of experts that give unbiased advice on water testing and treatment, they don't sell water filters: they only test the water and make filters recommendation.
They offer a code for my readers but they asked me to not share it publically so you would need to contact me.
The Only Smart Water Test
Get independent laboratory water testing for hundreds of contaminants from the comfort of home.
Tap Score is the only home water testing service with unbiased treatment matching and health risk analysis - so you don't waste money on treatment that doesn't do what you need.
SimpleLab the company behind Tap Score, has been cited by leading industry publications and awarded research grants by the EPA. We applied this expertise to create a next-generation home water testing service that goes beyond what regular laboratories or testing kits can provide.
Tap Score is the only home water testing service to apply toxicological and epidemiological research to your water's contaminant profile in order to give you a full picture of how your drinking water affects your health.
New York Times’ Wirecutter has named Tap Score the “best water quality test kit for your home”. Tap Score testing not only offers accurate results for over 1000+ contaminants, but also includes easy-to-understand reports, explanations of potential health risks, unbiased treatment recommendations, and unparalleled support.
For Water Utility Customers
Water from a utility can spend 3-7 days traveling through old pipes before reaching your home, where plumbing and fixtures can also influence water quality.
For Private and Shared Wells
The only way to know what's in your well is to perform a complete screen. Some potent carcinogens, like arsenic, have no taste or color.
Countertop Water Filtration System
IS YOUR WATER SAFE TO DRINK? Studies continue to pour in regarding Toxins, Hormones, Microplastics, Cancer-linked contaminants, known Carcinogens and other toxins discovered in our Tap Water, Filtered Water…and yes, even Bottled Water. Arsenic, lead, chromium, and drug residues are commonly found in municipal drinking water. AQUA TRU's patented Ultra Reverse Osmosis water filtration system is CERTIFIED to remove such contaminants and many more!
Tested and certified by IAPMO according to NSF/ANSI standards to remove 82 CONTAMINANTS - that's 15X more contaminants than the leading pitcher filters. Removes such toxins as Lead 99.1%, Chromium 97.2%, Copper 95.2%, Fluoride 93.5%, Radium 96.4%, and Chlorine 96.6% (to name a few). In fact, it's designed to remove 1000's of pollutants that could be lurking in your tap water. Taste the Difference!
NO PLUMBING OR INSTALLATION required - takes just minutes to set up. AquaTru’s Trusted & warrantied RO countertop system COSTS CONSIDERABLY LESS than fully installed under-the-counter RO systems, while at the same time, delivering often Cleaner, Purer, and Better Tasting Water. Why waste money & add to landfills with bottled water (93% recently found to contain micro-plastics)? 1 SET OF FILTERS REPLACES 4500 PLASTIC WATER BOTTLES (16.9 oz) - Forget about the hassle & cost of buying bottled water
QUICK CHANGE TWIST AND SEAL FILTERS come included with your first AQUA TRU system, and last from 6 months to 2 years. SLEEK COMPACT DESIGN - 14'' Tall x 14'' Deep x 12'' Wide - Purifies 1 gallon of tap water into bottle-quality water in 12-15 minutes.
OptimH2O® Reverse Osmosis + Claryum®
If you want to remove Fluoride this is for you!
Combines Claryum® and reverse osmosis technology to remove 88 contaminants including fluoride and arsenic.
TESTED & PROVEN TO REMOVE 5X MORE CONTAMINANTS THAN OTHER RO SYSTEMS
Get clean, healthy water by reducing 88 contaminants including lead, bacteria, cysts, chlorine, pesticides, and more.
Remove contaminants while retaining beneficial minerals like calcium, potassium, and magnesium for healthier, delicious water.
Rest easy knowing that no chemicals are added during the filtration process and that the only thing in your water is water.
NSF tested and certified to NSF/ANSI Standards 42, 53, 58, and 401.
Minimal disposal of plastic parts and no more single-use plastic water bottles. Make a difference with this sustainable, eco-friendly solution.
Filtered water produces more natural flavors for amazing results in the kitchen. Leave your friends wondering about your best-kept secret.
Reverse Osmosis: the only proven water filtration method to effectively remove fluoride. Also reduces nitrates, nitrites, lead, radium, and arsenic.
To see all their amazing options and to learn more check their website
❌ Brands I don't recommend
I had Berkey water Filter for many years until when I decided to buy filter 2PF-2 FLUORIDEAND ARSENIC WATER FILTERS (2) replacement. Here is what I discovered.
First, when I dug dip I found out that Berkey has California Proposition 65 Warning listed on Amazon.
If you are out of state you won't get this alert, my service is for you.
When I decided to send back the unopened filters to the company since they promised 100% refund, I discovered over the chat they deduct 15% stocking fee, charge 15% restocking fee and deduct also the original shipping cost that they paid to ship the item to you. They deducted even more than their original shipping costs, I had to pay the shipping back. In conclusion, the refund was only the 50% of the original amount. That is what they call 100% refund!
Beside their misleading policy, and their heavy metals content under the California proposition 65 Warning, Berkey cannot sell to California because their testing is not approved by the state. I don't recommned it!